The City of Winnipeg suggests the contractor in cost of creating the Winnipeg Law enforcement Provider headquarters used the task to settle exceptional debts with subtrades for income owed on other construction tasks, new court filings reveal.

They also say lead contractor Caspian Building modified invoices to pay out for “personal household improvement jobs.”

“We see instances of subtrades currently being compensated by [Caspian] for supposed operate a lot of months, and certainly at times years, after the work was concluded (if ever the work was finished) and right after subtrade invoices have been issued to the metropolis,” Town of Winnipeg legal professionals Michael Finlayson and Gabrielle Lisi wrote in a brief filed in the Manitoba Court of Queen’s Bench on June 13.

The town launched a civil lawsuit against dozens of individuals and organizations included in the law enforcement HQ construction task, together with lead contractor Caspian and its proprietor, Armik Babakhanians, in January 2020.

The town alleges a scheme to inflate and overcharge the city for construction costs through fraudulent quotes and invoices, altered prices from subcontractors and kickbacks.

The project was done in 2016, a long time behind routine and a lot more than $79 million about funds. The RCMP introduced a criminal investigation into the challenge in 2014, which was closed in late 2019 with no fees laid.

The city’s hottest court docket filing says it identified numerous irregularities in invoicing and payment of subtrades involved in the police headquarters project by a team referred to as the Caspian defendants.

That group consists of Caspian Construction, Caspian Assignments Inc., and linked organizations Mountain Design, Jags Advancement, Brooke Holdings Ltd., Logistic Holding Inc. and Jaw Enterprises Inc. 

It also contains Armik Babakhanians, his spouse, Jenik, his son Shaun, and workplace manager Pam Anderson.

“They compensated for residential jobs and their very own particular dwelling enhancement initiatives done by subtrades by modifying invoices to make them seem challenge-related,” wrote Finlayson and Lisi.

Write-offs ‘commonplace’ at Caspian: city

The city isn’t going to specify which home renovations it is really referring to.

Nevertheless, in 2014 lookup warrant documents, RCMP alleged a former accounting assistant employed by Caspian explained to police invoices had been charged to the police HQ project that had absolutely nothing to do with the do the job currently being done. That included a $25,000 cheque for a swimming pool at a residence that belonged to Shaun Babakhanians, RCMP alleged.

The Mounties also claimed that invoices for renovations to a ​private property owned ​by a person of the customers of the Babakhanians spouse and children were charged to police headquarters. 

“Caspian at instances identified as the corporations back … [to] have them modify or reissue the invoices” so it would display the police headquarters work code, the previous accounting assistant advised investigators. She also mentioned Caspian questioned contractors to “delete the property handle,” the 2014 lookup warrant paperwork claimed.

The courtroom filings say the Caspian defendants appeared to settle money owed with subtrades from prior assignments by altering invoices, “with or with no subtrade involvement” and submitting them to the town.

In preceding courtroom filings, the town said it received an e mail exchange in between Caspian personnel Peter Giannuzzi Jr. and Shaun Babakhanians.

In a spreadsheet  connected to that correspondence, Giannuzzi referred to, amid other factors, “minor dwelling enhancements [being] created off on initiatives” and “undertaking income” of approximately $12.5 million linked to the law enforcement headquarters job.

In a document provided as element of a May perhaps 4, 2022, City of Winnipeg court submitting, Peter Giannuzzi Jr. refers to ‘project profits’ in a notice to Shaun Babakhanians of Caspian, the law enforcement headquarters contractor, according to court docket paperwork. (Manitoba Court of Queen’s Bench filing)

“If Mr. Giannuzzi is to be believed, composing off personalized property advancements on ongoing … projects was commonplace at [Caspian],” Finlayson and Lisi wrote in the June 13 short.

It was in actuality “so commonplace that Mr. Giannuzzi, astonishingly, then seems to complain that some of his particular household advancements had been not allowed to be penned off on [Caspian’s] ongoing tasks,” they wrote.

None of the allegations have been analyzed in court docket.

HQ-similar expenses, non-relevant put together: city

The most up-to-date court filings also allege Caspian employed the law enforcement HQ job to pay back off excellent money owed owed to subcontractors for other work opportunities.

As an illustration, the metropolis alleges that nine of 10 invoices from subcontractor Abesco which were being claimed by Caspian and paid by the metropolis “surface to mix [police HQ] task-linked costs (approx. $800,000) with $1.55 million for non-project-connected charges,” Finlayson and Lisi wrote. All those other initiatives provided a Winnipeg Transit garage and a police canine facility, the city says.

The city’s brief says a handwritten notation on one of individuals invoices browse, “This was generated as for each Armik’s request so we could acquire payment for Transit Garage.”

Caspian Building owner Armik Babakhanians is proven in this picture from the 2015 Desire Maker Auction, a fundraising function for The Aspiration Manufacturing unit, a Winnipeg-dependent charity. (Dreammakerauction.ca)

The new court files say “a identical sample can be observed” with a group of defendants collectively referred to as the “Garcea Group defendants.” In unique, the metropolis details to an invoice from Colour Style and design, a person of the defendants in that group.

In that invoice, $230,000 relating to perform on Soul Sanctuary — a church on Chevrier Boulevard that was constructed by a Caspian-managed business at the identical time operate was conducted on the Winnipeg police HQ project — was claimed by Caspian and compensated by the town as portion of the police HQ task, the city alleges.

Metropolis would like monetary paperwork

Getting a complete picture of payments to subtrades is “necessary” to comprehend the nature and extent of alleged fraudulent claims to the city, the court files say.

The town is trying to find a courtroom order compelling the Caspian defendants and consultants that labored on the police HQ to deliver own and company revenue tax returns, banking records and money statements. 

“The Caspian defendants are now making an attempt to use the tangled internet that they developed to defraud the city as a defend by which to keep applicable proof from the city and this courtroom,” wrote Finlayson and Lisi.

They say the metropolis is now attempting to “disentangle that world-wide-web” and will require economic paperwork to do so.


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